Enter your keyword

post

MERKEZKENT

Why women are more likely to live longer than men?

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men – but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn’t live longer than men in the 19th century. What makes women live much longer than men today, and why is this difference growing in the past? There isn’t much evidence and _GET[“a”] Array ( [0] => joma jewellery london ( we’re only able to provide some answers. We are aware that behavioral, biological and environmental factors all play a role in the fact that women have longer life spans than men, However, we’re not sure how significant the impact to each of these variables is.

We know that women are living longer than men, regardless of their weight. But it is not because of certain non-biological aspects have changed. What are these new factors? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Others are more complex. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women’s longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men

The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. It is clear that all countries are over the line of parity diagonally. This means that a newborn girl in all countries can expect to live longer than her brothers.

It is interesting to note that while the female advantage exists across all countries, the country-specific differences are huge. In Russia women live for 10 years longer than men. In Bhutan the difference is less that half a year.

__S.17__

__S.19__

The female advantage in life expectancy was less in the richer countries that it is today.

Let’s look at how the advantage of women in longevity has changed over time. The next chart plots the male and female lifespans when they were born in the US from 1790 to 2014. Two distinct features stand out.

First, there is an upward trend. Both genders in America live longer than they were 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The second is that there is an ever-widening gap: female advantage in terms of life expectancy used to be very modest, but it grew substantially in the past century.

You can verify that the points you’ve listed are applicable to other countries with data by clicking the “Change country” option in the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.

Bir cevap yazın

Your email address will not be published.